I’ll be real with you: the best part about traveling is, and always has been, the pictures.
Sure, there’s the electric thrill as the wheels on your plane go up signalling the start of a new adventure. There’s the euphoria of making genuine connections with other travelers in far-flung places. There’s the quiet confidence that comes from knowing that you can make your way just about anywhere, and the accomplished rush of pride the first time you string together the right words in the right order to get a cab or a cabernet in a foreign language.
All of those things are the reasons why I travel. They’re the little hits that keep me coming back for more. As travelers, we’re always chasing the next novel experience, the next crazy story, the next breath-taking view — but all of those things are exceedingly fleeting.
As travelers, pictures are the best tool that we have to tell our stories and catalogue our adventures. That’s why it pains me that the coolest things that I’ve seen on my travels is the one things that you can’t capture on film: swimming in a bioluminescent bay.
So what is a bio bay? Oh girl, let me just tell you:
3 Facts About Bioluminescent Bays
- There are only five bioluminescent bays in the world and three of them are are in Puerto Rico. The most popular, Mosquito Bay, is located on the island of Vieques off the east coast of the main island of Puerto Rico. There is also Laguna Grande on the north side of the island in Fajardo and La Parguera on the far southwestern side.
- The bioluminescence of a bio bay is caused by single-celled microorganisms called dinoflagellates. These microorganisms glow briefly, usually in a blue-green color, whenever they are disturbed. This means that every splash and every movement in the water causes the dinoflagellates to light up in the water around you, giving the bay its distinctive glow.
- There are bioluminescent dinoflagellates all throughout the ocean, however, it’s rare for them to be present in the water in concentrations high enough for them to be noticeable.
What Is It Like to Swim in The Glowing Waters Of a Bio Bay?
I’m about to tell you something that might blow your mind: basically every single picture that you’ve seen of a bio bay is a lie — a dirty, bold-faced lie.
If you run a quick Google image search “bio bay” you’ll be inundated with stunning images of glowing water and neon blue waves lapping up on darkened beaches. Like something Lisa Frank would come out with, if she were in a goth phase. Lies. All lies.
The reality is that a bio bay is virtually impossible to photograph. This is because it isn’t the water that is lighting up, but rather the dinoflagellates in the water. These single-celled organisms light up when they’re disturbed for a brief instant and then go dark, making the overall effect impossible to capture on film.
The images that you see online are either photoshopped by the companies offering tours or they are captured using long exposure techniques, and neither end up looking anything like the real thing.
However, just because the bio bay is hard to capture on film doesn’t mean that it is at all subtle. We were lucky enough to go out on a moonless night when the bay was particularly active (our tour guide rated it an 8 out of 10 for brightness), and I have honestly never seen anything so stunningly surreal or achingly beautiful.
The waters of the bio bay don’t glow blue. On a still, quiet night, they are black with barely a hint of the magic below. As we neared the bay, the wake behind our boat began to shimmer. We laughed and plunged our hands into the water as we sped along, the spray throwing up sparks that danced in the darkness.
As we jumped into the glowing water, all fears of the dark nighttime ocean forgotten, our splashes lit up around us, the water glowing with every movement. Once in the water if felt like the perfect ring of the night sky melted into the water. We swam through a galaxy of twinkling stars with a whole universe of stars above us.
We were a party of six adults, but we quickly became like children as we swam, laughing, through the sparkling waters. Swimming with goggles beneath the surface felt like warp speed on the Star Trek Enterprise.
We raised our arms out of the water and watched as the glowing stars dripped from our skin. It was a paradise unlike anything I’ve ever experienced, and I only hope that someday I’m lucky enough to experience it again.
Should You Swim in a Bio Bay?
Yes. Yes. Absolutely, yes. You should. I did it and it was the single most magical experience of my life. And I’ve had some magical experiences in my day.
However, there are some ethical and environmental factors to consider, and you WILL probably get some side-eye from some people when you confess to actually swimming in the bio bay.
This is because swimming is currently prohibited in most bio bays. For example, Mosquito Bay in Vieques is such a popular destination that it can see as many as 200 visitors per night. The concern is that the chemicals on people’s bodies, like bug spray (trust me, they don’t call it Mosquito Bay for nothing) can make the waters less hospitable to the dinoflagellates. This could be detrimental to the long-term survival of the bay.
But yes, knowing all of this, I still swam in a bio bay. However, before you decide that I’m a monster, hear me out.
We booked our tour through Alelí Tours in La Parguera. We had heard mixed reports concerning whether or not swimming was allowed in the bio bay. So, we specifically asked about this when we called to book our tour, and we were told that swimming was fine.
When we arrived in La Parguera we were greeted by our guide, an attractive older gentleman (think a hunkier version of the Gordon’s fisherman) whose name was — I kid you not — Ismael. We were thrilled to discover that Ismael is a seasoned marine biologist, and we were eager to ask him all kinds of questions about the bio bay, including what is up with the whole not swimming thing.
We really, really, really wanted to swim in the water, but we weren’t trying to do anything destructive while enjoying what is definitely one of the natural wonders of the world.
Ismael dismissed those concerns immediately. He explained that he’d spent decades coming to this same bay and that there was a large amount of variation in how bright the bay was from year to year, from month to month, and even from day to day.
There are lots of factors that can contribute to this variation, but the most important one has nothing to do with environmental factors and everything to do with how bio bays are actually formed.
As our boat pulled into the bio bay at La Parguera through a narrow inlet, Ismael slowed the boat down to a crawl. He explained that while the water on either side of this inlet was 10+ feet deep, in the inlet itself it was much more shallow — usually not more than 5 feet. It was this narrow inlet that allowed the bio bay to form.
Turns out that there is nothing particularly special about the glowing water of a bio bay. Bioluminescent dinoflagellates are present throughout the ocean, however, they are just usually not in a high enough concentration to be noticeable. Bio bays then aren’t so much places where bioluminescent microorganisms live as they are where they get stuck.
Ismael explained that despite the recent alarm around the bio bays on the island being darker than usual, the reality is that this variation isn’t caused so much buy tourism as it is by much more complex ecological conditions that cause either more or fewer of the dinoflagellates to be concentrated in the bays.
If anything, a bio bay’s primary vulnerability is structural rather than chemical because of the precise conditions that need to be present for the microorganisms to get stuck there in the first place. In La Parguera, for example, the bay is surrounded by a giant ring of mangrove trees, the roots of which keep the sand bars protecting the bay in place. If those trees get ripped out in a storm (which could happen easily with one hurricane), the bio bay will be lost as well. (Update after Hurricane Maria posted below!)
In the end, we decided to swim in the bio bay, and we have absolutely no regrets. We HIGHLY recommend that you give it a try, too.
Which Bio Bay in Puerto Rico is the Best to Visit?
There are three different bio bays in Puerto Rico: Mosquito Bay, Laguna Grande and La Parguera. Each has it’s own unique vibe, however, bring a healthy dose of skepticism to what you read. There are articles all over the web claiming that one is brighter than the others or better than the others, but from what I’ve experienced, these are mostly claims made by tourism boards and tour companies trying to bring more business to the area.
Our group went to La Parguera, supposedly the darkest of the bays due to over boating, but what we found was a spectacular light show and zero boats — so take what you hear with a grain of salt. At the end of the day, a bio bay is a bio bay and, provided you go there on a night when the bay is active, it’s guaranteed to be an incredible experience.
The main reason that we decided to go to La Parguera instead of the other two more popular bio bays was that as of our visit in January of 2017, La Parguera is the only bio bay that you can swim in. Being able to actually swim in the glowing water was an experience that I would recommend to absolutely everyone and their mom, so if you get a chance, definitely check that one out.
The other main consideration was distance. We were on the west side of the island, so La Parguera was the closest option. As anyone who has ever spent time in Puerto Rico will tell you, although the island isn’t very big (it’s only about 100 miles wide by 35 miles long), getting around the island can be a bit of a challenge.
The main highways and high speed direct routes that we’re used to in the US are few and far between, and cabs and rental cars in Puerto Rico can be expensive. So when you’re booking your trip make sure that you factor in the time and cost of travel into your plans.
4 Things To Do When Booking a Trip to A Bioluminescent Bay
- Check out where the moon is in its lunar cycle. You can enjoy a biobay at any time, however, a clear night around the new moon will give you the best view of the stars above you and the bioluminescent waters below.
- Call ahead to see how bright the bio bay is that day, or has been lately. It’s better to call ahead and confirm that you’re going on a good night, because bio bays ebb and flow in terms of overall sparkly-ness. The subtly or intensity of the experience depends on the concentration of dinoflagellates in the water – this can fluctuate significantly due to storms, tides, season, temperature, etc. If you call ahead to some of the tour companies you can get a better sense of how the bay is looking and when will be the best time to go.
- Request the latest available time slot, or just ask if you can go at a time when the bay is likely to be empty (you might have to pay more). Swimming in a bio bay is magical. Swimming in a bio bay with nothing around but your boat captain and 5 of your closest friends is something approaching nirvana. We had the incredible fortune to be completely alone in the bay and it was an experience that I will treasure for the rest of my life. Later tours give you a better chance of getting to experience that for yourself.
- Shop around. Not all bio bay tours are created equal. Some are shorter and some are longer. Some involve booking an entire boat, while others are kayaking tours. And, probably most importantly if you’d like to really experience a bio bay, only some bio bays allow you to actually swim in the water. Some also cost more than others – our boat trip was $120 for the whole boat ($20/pp), but other tours charge $49 or more per person.
Looking for bioluminescent bay tour companies in Puerto Rico? Check out our list HERE!
Update: Puerto Rico’s Bioluminescent Bays After Hurricane Maria
Like so many other people, we were absolutely heartbroken to hear about the devastation in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria. Puerto Rico is such an incredible place filled with amazing people, and as the first stop on our Workationing adventure, it will always hold a special place in our hearts.
Beyond our concern for the people stranded without power and other basic necessities, we couldn’t help but wonder if Hurricane Maria had also wiped out the island’s iconic bioluminescent bays. We’ve knocked a lot of items off our bucket lists while on Workation, but the undisputed favorite for both of us was swimming in the magical glowing water of the biobay.
We’ve gotten lots of questions from our readers and listeners about whether the bioluminescent bays were still intact after the storm, and so we decided to find out. We talked to people at all three bioluminescent bays, and here’s what we found:
Laguna Grande Bioluminescent Bay After Hurricane Maria
Who we talked to: Customer service representative at Kayaking Puerto Rico
What they said:
- Although hurricane María affected the area, we are glad to say that the bio lagoon, the red mangroves and the microorganism are still here.
- Does the bay still exist after the hurricane? Yes! Laguna Grande is here with the 7 ecosystems enjoyable for everyone.
- How has the bay been affected by the hurricane? After hurricane María, the visibility of the microorganism was not at its maximum. On a scale from 1 to 5 (1 being no visibility and 5 being perfect visibility) since December 1st the visibility was at a 3. We are excited to inform that since December 5th it went up to a 5. Tonight (Monday, Jan. 8, 2018) we are excited to say it is glowing at its best. Perfect visibility.
- Are the mangrove trees still there? Yes! They are the true fighters in this amazing nature reserve. They resisted Hurricane María’s strong winds. The first 10 to 15 feet of red mangroves that border the canal and the lagoon were highly affected. They are slowly growing leaves again. You can see the difference in color and the impact of the winds in our video posted in Facebook. Kayaking Puerto Rico
Who we talked to: Yolanda Ramos, Marine Biologist-Owner at Pure Adventure
What they said:
- Does the bay still exist after the hurricane? Yes, both hurricanes just made some trees and branches fall down.
- How has the bay been affected by the hurricane? Not at all. The only negative effect is that tourist aren’t coming, and the media could help us a lot here. There are plenty of hotels and adventure companies like ours waiting for tourist to come. Touristic zones are running normal, with water and electricity.
- How have the surrounding trees & animals been affected by the hurricane? At first, you could see many birds looking for shelter with the lack of branches and you could see them getting closer to the houses looking for the shelter. Thankfully, in the tropics everything grows back really fast, so the mangrove forest are back on track and healthy.
Both hurricanes took down branches and trees but everything grew back really fast. This is a process in nature that even though we do not like it, really helps to “clean” the old and sick plants and allows new and young plants to flourish.
Mosquito Bay Bioluminescent Bay After Hurricane Maria
Who we talked to: Denisse at JAK Water Sport
What they said:
- Yes the bay still exists and is still magical and unique place.
- The bay got affected by Hurricane Maria’s strong winds and big swells that damaged the mangroves surrounding the bay, which provide a essential vitamins to the dinoflagellates and the ecosystem. The red and black mangrove lost their leaves. We had been visiting and monitoring the bay twice a week after the first week that Maria hit the island and had been able to see the changes in the bay and the ecosystem.
- Besides Maria, in November we received a lot of torrential rains which caused the underground channels of fresh water to open up. That fresh water was flowing out to the bay. As a consequence it diminished its brightness. Rain disrupts the bay’s chemistry with lots of fresh water.
- As of today the mangroves and the bay have begun their natural recovery process slowly. We could hear and see birds, we could see fish, iguanas, we hear the frogs and the coquí. We can see and smell night blooming jasmine in the area. Our night sky looks gorgeous in the dark nights. We are very optimistic and positive, the bioluminescent bay is slowly beginning to surprise us again. Our island is green, and the beaches are gorgeous.
Who we talked to: Angie at Black Beard Sports
- I can tell you that the mangroves, while not uprooted for the most part, lost all their leaves and it is taking a long time to recover the canopy. This is potentially a reason why it is taking longer for the bay to recuperate the density of dinoflagellates that Puerto Mosquito is known for as there is a input/output relationship between the trees, the water and the organisms.
- I was out last night and there were sections where it wasn’t glowing, sections where it was glowing a “2” on an unscientific scale of 1-10 and sections where it was glowing a “3” on the same scale. There are other factors, such as a low tide, that also contribute to the locations of the seen concentrations. On average, I would say our bay is known for a “6” and above, but my guests were still very happy with their experience.
La Parguera Bioluminescent Bay After Hurricane Maria
Who we talked to: Customer service representative at Paradise Scuba
What they said:
- Our Bio Bay is still in excellent shape. We visited it 12 days after the hurricane and it was the most beautiful show you can ever imagine! It was moonless and there was no power so there was no light pollution. Animals and vegetation around the bay were not damaged at all.
Who we talked to: Ismael at Aleli Tours
What they said:
- La Parguera has not been affected at all by Hurricane Maria. Tours are still happening and the visibility has been great since September. The mangrove trees are still standing and have not been affected by the hurricane.
Why You Should Add Swimming in a Bio Bay to Your Bucket List
The best reason to check out a bio bay is that there is literally no other way to experience it. Pictures can’t do it justice, and no amount of description can ever give you a true sense of what it is like. You just had to have been there.
GO THERE, if you can. It’s totally bucket list worthy.